Quick Answer: What Is Specification And Its Types?

What are the three types of specifications?

Generally, there are three different types of construction specifications found in contracts: prescriptive specifications, performance specifications, and proprietary specifications..

What is a general specification?

Brief specification (General specification) This type of specification do not describe any particular item of work but refer to a complete work. The general specification is mainly suitable for estimating the project but do not from part of contract document.

What is importance of specification?

Let’s look at the main reasons why the specification is so important to the construction process: It provides clear instructions on the intent, performance and construction of the project. It can reference the quality and standards which should be applied. Materials and manufacturers’ products can be clearly defined.

What is general specification and detailed specification?

The specification which gives the brief description of various items of work. The detailed specification describes the item of work in details. Brief specification specifies the materials, quantities, proportion of materials. … The general specification used for estimating the project is the brief specifications.

What is standard and specification?

Standards and specifications are documents that describe and/or recommend a set of rules and conditions for how materials and products should be manufactured, defined, measured, or tested.

What is a project specification?

What is a Project Specification? In short, a project specification is a detailed description of objectives for any given development project. It lists goals, functionality, and any other information that is required for the developers to successfully complete the project.

What are the specifications of a car?

Car Specs ExplainedABS, or Anti-Lock Braking System. According to Auto Deal, an anti-lock braking system, or ABS, is a system that keeps your wheels from locking when you brake hard. … Airbags. … Dimensions. … Drivetrain. … EBD, or Electronic Brake Distribution. … Engine. … Engine Displacement. … Horsepower.More items…•

What are types of specification?

Four Types of “Specifications”Product Specification: This describes a manufacturer’s product and its performance without consideration for a particular building. … Project Specification: This describes an architect’s design and performance requirements for a particular building. … Master Specification: … Guide Specification:

What are the two main uses of specifications?

Purposes of SpecificationsTo show the strength of construction material or construction work.To show the ratio of concrete or mortar ingredients.TO show the type of material like type of wood, glass etc.To show the color of construction material.To show the clauses of contracts.To show the cost of material.More items…•

How do you write a specification?

Here are seven ways to write better project specifications:Include use cases. … Project specifications should be neatly organised. … Make it a living document. … Make it a formal document. … Include statements on your rationale. … Know when to write one. … Involve your team.

What should a specification include?

What should be included in a specification?Price format.For Services: day/hourly/all-inclusive rates (total cost)Quality.Quantity.Required supplier experience.Size / dimensions.Performance.Installation / maintenance / servicing / warranty.More items…•

What are the four types of specifications?

Deciding among the four types of specifications—descriptive, performance, reference standard, and proprietary—and choosing how the specification is going to be written is only the first of many design decisions engineers make when starting to edit what will become a project specification, especially when specifying …

What are quality specifications?

Quality specifications are detailed requirements that define the quality of a product, service or process. Quality includes tangible elements such as measurements and intangible elements such as smell and taste.

What are the characteristics of a good specification in procurement?

A good specification should do four things: (1) Identify minimum requirements, (2) allow for a competitive bid, (3) list reproducible test methods to be used in testing for compliance with specifications, and (4) provide for an equitable award at the lowest possible cost.

What is a material specification?

Material Specifications means the description of the Material, including requirements, tolerances, shelf life, specifications, suppliers and safety data, that are set forth in Exhibit D.